1902 Nile Agreement Pdf

The 1902 treaty was often referred to as a treaty between Ethiopia and Egypt, which dealt with the use of Nile waters. It should be noted that such a treaty did not exist between Ethiopia and Egypt. In fact, the treaty that was discussed was between Ethiopia and Great Britain. At the time, Egypt was a protectorate of the British Empire and the Egyptian government of the day could not enter into international treaties. Finally, in the English version of the 1902 treaty, Ethiopia did not prohibit the use of the Nile, but “forced” Ethiopia not to stop the Nile. This proposal could be interpreted as not completely limiting the flow of the river. In this case, even the 1902 treaty had a language that supports the use of dams if the flow of water is not interrupted. Ethiopia has repeatedly stated that it has no intention of blocking the Nile River, with the aim of having a fair and equitable share of the use of the Nile in all neighbouring countries. According to the scientists who studied this agreement, Ethiopia has a natural and valid right over the waters of the Nile. The rights of Ethiopia “… in a certain proportion of the waters of its own zone are indisputable…

This would be enough to invalidate the agreement, which has no equivalent with Ethiopia. During the battle for Africa, control of the source of the Nile was an important colonial destination for the British. Several agreements have been concluded to this effect, including contracts on the Nile. Ethiopia says there is no legal reason to prevent Addis Ababa from using the waters of the Nile fairly. The obligation imposed by the Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1902 does not prohibit Ethiopia from using the waters of the Nile, even without the agreement of Great Britain (now Sudan). But what is forbidden is a total constipation of the entire Nile water river. The Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1902 was an agreement between Britain on behalf of Sudan (under British rule) and Ethiopia. Although the main objective of the treaty was to determine the border between Ethiopia and Sudan, Ethiopia “committed itself not to build or build work on the Blue Nile, Lake Tana or Sobat that would block the river from their waters in the Nile, except in accordance with the government of its British majesty of Sudan.” Many arguments suggest that Ethiopia is not bound by the 1902 treaty between Ethiopia and the British Empire.